Volume 17, Issue 4 (Jul-Aug 2023)                   mljgoums 2023, 17(4): 17-19 | Back to browse issues page

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Sajjadi S A, Moosavi Z, Niknejad F, Jamshidi A. Effects of kefir on liver function tests and histopathological changes in rats exposed to aflatoxin B1. mljgoums 2023; 17 (4) :17-19
URL: http://mlj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1559-en.html
1- Department of Food Hygiene and Aquaculture, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2- Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3- Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
4- Department of Food Hygiene and Aquaculture, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , ajamshid@ferdowsi.um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (328 Views)
Seyed ahmad Sajjadi1 , Zahra Moosavi2 , Farhad Niknejad3 , Abdollah Jamshidi 4
Background: Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is one of the most important mycotoxins that contaminate food worldwide. Long-term consumption of foods contaminated with AFB1 endangers human health. Detoxification of AFB1 from food improves community health. A Specific approach to aflatoxin reduction is the use of probiotics. Kefir drink is a strong probiotic. The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effect of kefir drink on AFB1-induced hepatic injury in adult male rats
Methods: In this experimental study, 24 adult rats weighing between 150 and 200 g were used. The rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: 1) control, 2) AFB1 (50 μg/kg body weight), 3) kefir drink (10 mL/kg body weight), and 4) AFB1 + kefir drink. Aflatoxin and kefir drink received through oral gavage. At the end of the experiment (8 weeks), blood and liver samples were collected for different assays. Liver function tests and histopathological examinations were performed. Data were analyzed using 1-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and at a significance level of <0.05.
Results: Aflatoxin B1 significantly increased serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and total bilirubin (T.Bili), as well as decreased total protein (T.P) content, compared to the control group (P < 0.05). Aflatoxin B1 induced histological changes in the liver. The results obtained from the groups treated with kefir drink with and without AFB1 were not significantly different from the control group. Histopathological changes were not found in groups treated with kefir drink with and without AFB1.
Conclusion: The consumption of kefir drink reduced AFB1-induced disruptions in rats’ livers.
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Research Article: Research Article | Subject: Biochemistry
Received: 2022/08/8 | Accepted: 2022/09/8 | Published: 2023/10/2 | ePublished: 2023/10/2

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