Volume 18, Issue 1 (Jan-Feb 2024)                   mljgoums 2024, 18(1): 29-31 | Back to browse issues page


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Antani M, Goyal A, Rana J. Relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia and the development of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorders in Indian adult patients. mljgoums 2024; 18 (1) :29-31
URL: http://mlj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1547-en.html
1- Department of Pathology, Smt Kashibai Navale Medical College, Pune, India
2- Department of Pathology, Smt NHL Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad, India , anjali@knee.in
3- Department of Pathology, GMERS Medical College, Palanpur, India
Abstract:   (477 Views)
Background: A higher occurrence of raised homocysteine levels has been reported in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D), particularly those with macroangiopathy and nephropathy. Given that hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for T2D, mitigating this condition could potentially benefit T2D patients. This study aimed to investigate the influence of homocysteine on T2D and cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well as the factors that modify homocysteine levels.
Methods: This cross sectional, observational study was conducted on 122 individuals in a tertiary care center in Western India. Data related to anthropometry, demography, and biochemistry were gathered following established standards. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square test. A P-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The findings indicated a significantly larger percentage of hyperhomocysteinemia in males, smokers, and individuals with elevated fasting blood sugar and HbA1c levels. The proportion of subjects with high homocysteine levels was notably greater in those with high total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. A significant correlation was observed between increased serum homocysteine levels and decreased serum folic acid and vitamin B12 levels in patients with ischemic heart disease.
Conclusion: Elevated homocysteine levels are observed in smokers and diabetic patients, potentially leading to CVD. Furthermore, this study found a correlation between an increase in serum homocysteine levels and a decrease in serum folic acid and vitamin B12 levels in patients with ischemic heart disease.

 
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Research Article: Original Paper | Subject: Pathology
Received: 2022/07/10 | Accepted: 2024/01/24 | Published: 2024/02/25 | ePublished: 2024/02/25

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