Volume 18, Issue 1 (Jan-Feb 2024)                   mljgoums 2024, 18(1): 9-11 | Back to browse issues page

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Jaiswal S, Subedi B, Sapkota A, Sharma P, Timilsina M, Timilsina M et al . Prevalence of helicobacter pylori infection and hygiene practices among people with active gastritis. mljgoums 2024; 18 (1) :9-11
URL: http://mlj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1668-en.html
1- School of Health & Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Kaski, Nepal , suuress@gmail.com
2- School of Health & Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Kaski, Nepal
Abstract:   (255 Views)
Background: Intestinal infections with Helicobacter pylori mainly occur during childhood. If contracted, these infections may cause chronic gastritis, frequently leading to peptic ulcer disease in later life. This study aims to detect the prevalence of H. pylori infections in patients with active gastritis.
Methods: The study included 150 participants who were consuming daily anti-gastritis drugs to reduce the gas and were considered active gastritis patients and were recruited from Lekhnath 12, now known as Pokhara metropolitan-30, from May 2018 to March 2019. They were screened for H. pylori antibodies for detection of infection by the immunochromatographic rapid detection kit, and the data were analyzed using SPSS 2016.
Results: Serum anti-Helicobacter pylori antibodies were used to detect the presence of Helicobacter pylori in these participants. Among the 150 participants, 54 were males (36%) and 96 were females (64%). The results showed that 47 (31.3%) of the patients were positive for anti-Helicobacter pylori test. The age group 30 to 40 had the highest prevalence of 21 (14.0%). Using public water showed the highest prevalence with a P value of 0.04.
Conclusion: There should be an additional aspect required for the diagnosis and treatment of gastritis, which is the healthcare providers' and patients' awareness of the cause and most efficient treatments for this medical condition. Using only anti-gastritis drugs is not sufficient; treatment against Helicobacter pylori requires the right pathway of treatment by the use of several antibiotics.

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Research Article: Research Article | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2023/05/14 | Accepted: 2023/09/12 | Published: 2024/01/25 | ePublished: 2024/01/25

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