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Bhide S, Lahane R. Histopathological spectrum of upper gastrointestinal endoscopic biopsies in a rural teaching hospital. mljgoums 2024; 18 (1) :1-3
URL: http://mlj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1592-en.html
1- Department of Pathology, MIMER Medical College Talegaon Dabhade Maharashtra Pune India- MAEER MIT Pune's MIMER Medical College & Dr. BSTR Hospital Talegaon Dabhade Pune, India , smitapbhide@yahoo.co.in
2- Department of Pathology, SRTR Medical College Ambejogai Maharashtra India- SRTR Medical College Ambejogai, India
Abstract:   (388 Views)
Background: Gastrointestinal tract complaints are prevalent among individuals in rural settings, encompassing all age groups. This study aimed to examine histopathological lesions in the upper gastrointestinal tract through endoscopic biopsy and determine the frequency of various upper gastrointestinal lesions in relation to age, sex, and site.
Methods: The specimens included in our study comprise endoscopic biopsies of the upper gastrointestinal tract during October 2018 to October 2020. A total of 70 biopsies from the upper gastrointestinal tract were analyzed using endoscopy. All specimens were fixed in 10% formalin and processed following routine hematoxylin and eosin (HE) examination. Special stains were employed when necessary.
Results: Among the 70 upper gastrointestinal endoscopic biopsies studied during this period, 25 (35.71%) were from the esophagus, 35 (50.0%) were from the stomach, and 10 (14.29%) were from the duodenum. Of the 70 upper gastrointestinal endoscopic biopsies, 34 displayed inflammatory lesions, while 36 exhibited neoplastic lesions. There was a male predominance among the cases examined. Non-neoplastic lesions were observed in individuals aged from the second to the fifth decade, while neoplastic lesions were more prevalent in older age groups.
Conclusion: This research highlights the stomach as the predominant location for inflammatory and neoplastic lesions in the upper gastrointestinal tract. The study reveals a notable occurrence of gastric carcinoma among malignant upper gastrointestinal lesions. Thus, early detection and management of upper gastrointestinal lesions necessitate endoscopy and subsequent histopathological evaluation.
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Research Article: Original Paper | Subject: Pathology
Received: 2022/11/2 | Accepted: 2023/07/5 | Published: 2024/01/24 | ePublished: 2024/01/24

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