Volume 15, Issue 6 (Special issue (Nov-Dec) 2021)                   mljgoums 2021, 15(6): 17-22 | Back to browse issues page

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Inyang-Etoh P, Etefia E, Chime C, Ejezie G. Prevalence of Haemoparasites among Blood Donors in Calabar, Nigeria. mljgoums. 2021; 15 (6) :17-22
URL: http://mlj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1405-en.html
1- Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Calabar, Nigeria
2- Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Calabar, Nigeria , etefiaetefia1@gmail.com
Abstract:   (126 Views)
Background and objectives: Voluntary blood donation is the main source of blood and its components globally. Blood transfusion is essential for management of various diseases but remains as one of the most important causes of disease transmission. In this study, we screened donated blood samplesfor haemoparasites in the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 200 blood samples taken from donors who had been asymptomatic for haemoparasite infections. The blood samples were analyzed microscopically for the presence of malaria parasites using Giemsa stained thin smears and thick smears. The Knott concentration technique was used to detect microfilaria. To evaluate presence of trypanosomes, triple centrifugation was carried out and the resulting sediment was used to prepare wet and smears stained with 10% Giemsa solution.
Results: The prevalence of malaria parasites, microfilaria, and trypanosome was 38% (76/200), 5% (10/200), and nil (0/200), respectively. The prevalence of malaria infection was highest among females, individuals aged 18–25 years and those with O+ blood type. Most donors had malaria parasite density of 200–4000/µl. Microfilaria was only found in males and more common among subjects between 26 and 33 years of age as well as those with O+ blood type.
Conclusion: The findings revealed the presence of malaria and microfilaria infections and the absence of trypanosomes among blood donors in Calabar, Nigeria. This accentuates the need to screen all blood donors for haemoparasites in order to reduce the spread of the parasites and minimize its effects on the recipients.
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Research Article: Research Article | Subject: Parasitology
Received: 2021/07/19 | Accepted: 2021/10/3 | Published: 2021/10/18 | ePublished: 2021/10/18

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