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Seifi A, Taheri N, Kia H, Mansourian H R, Mansourian A R. Adverse Effects of Hypothyroidism on Fertility and Pregnancy: A Mini Review. mljgoums. 2022; 16 (4) :1-9
URL: http://mlj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1397-en.html
1- Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
2- Department of Gynecology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3- Department of Clinical Research, Clinical Science Institute, Santa Monica, CA 90404, USA
4- Department of Emergency, Hakim Jorjani Hospital, Gorgan, Iran
5- Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran , azad_r_mansourian@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (169 Views)
The prevalence of hypothyroidism is much higher among women than in men. Hypothyroidism is also one of the most prevalent thyroid disorders among women of reproductive age. The disease exerts its effect on female sex hormones by manipulating the production of luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone that are crucial for the production of estrogen by the ovaries. Various studies demonstrated the adverse effect of overt hypothyroidism on ovulation, menstrual cycle, and fertility. This review surveys the adverse effects of hypothyroidism on fertility and pregnancy.
 
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Research Article: Review Article | Subject: Biochemistry
Received: 2021/06/27 | Accepted: 2021/08/30 | Published: 2022/07/16 | ePublished: 2022/07/16

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