Volume 17, Issue 3 (May-Jun 2023)                   mljgoums 2023, 17(3): 45-54 | Back to browse issues page

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Maryam F, Vahid P, Amirahmadi A, Salimi F. Perovskia abrotanoides Kar. as a Promising Source of Antimicrobial Compounds against Foodborne Pathogens. mljgoums 2023; 17 (3) :45-54
URL: http://mlj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1366-en.html
1- Department of Plant sciences, School of Biology, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran
2- Department of Plant sciences, School of Biology, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran , poozesh@du.ac.ir
3- Department of Molecular & Cellular, School of Biology, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran
Abstract:   (77 Views)
Background and objectives: Foodborne pathogens can significantly affect the public health and cause medical, social, and economic burden. Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella ­enterica, and Yersinia enterocolitica are important foodborne pathogens that can cause various diseases. Plant-derived compounds are promising bioactive substances with inhibitory effects against bacteria. Perovskia abrotanoides Kar. is a medical plant with broad therapeutic activities. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the inhibitory effects of P. abrotanoides extracts against some foodborne pathogens.
Methods: Flowering branches of P. abrotanoides were collected in 2018 and 2019 from three different habitats in the eastern Alborz Mountains, Iran. The antimicrobial activity of the extracts was evaluated using the agar well diffusion test. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the extracts were determined against L. monocytogenes, S. ­enterica, and Y. enterocolitica. In addition, the antioxidant activity of the extracts was investigated by the DPPH test.
Results: The lowest MIC (200 µg/ml) and MBC (400 µg/ml) values against Y. enterocolitica were related to the ethyl acetate extract of plants collected from habitat 1 in 2019. The lowest MIC (50 µg/ml) and MBC (400 µg/ml) values against L.­­ monocytogenes were related to the dichloromethane extract of plants collected from habitat 1 in 2019. All extracts showed antioxidant properties. Results of one-way ANOVA indicated that the DPPH scavenging activity of extracts from plants collected in 2019 was greater than that of those collected in 2018. In most cases, the methanol and ethyl acetate extracts showed more radical scavenging potential.
Conclusion: It seems that P. abrotanoides is a rich source of antimicrobial and antioxidant compounds with great potential for use in the pharmaceutical and food industries.
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Research Article: Research Article | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2021/02/12 | Accepted: 2021/06/21 | Published: 2023/05/21 | ePublished: 2023/05/21

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