Volume 18, Issue 1 (Jan-Feb 2024)                   mljgoums 2024, 18(1): 12-15 | Back to browse issues page

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Shirkhani S, barari A, Abbasi Daloii A, saravi M. Evaluating the expression of NOs and NOX2 genes in patients with coronary artery occlusion following aerobic exercise and Omega-3 intake. mljgoums 2024; 18 (1) :12-15
URL: http://mlj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1332-en.html
1- Department of Sport Physiology, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Islamic Azad University, Amol, Iran
2- Department of Sport Physiology, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Islamic Azad University, Amol, Iran , alireza54.barari@gmail.com
3- Department of Cardiology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Abstract:   (263 Views)
Background: Cardiovascular diseases, especially coronary artery problems, are the main causes of death. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of NOs and NOX2 in coronary artery patients after aerobic exercise and omega-3 intake.
Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental study in which 32 men with coronary artery disease in the age range of 55 to 65 years were selected and randomly divided into 4 groups: control, exercise, omega-3, and omega-3 + exercise. The training program consisted of 8 weeks of intermittent running training, 3 sessions per week, with an intensity of 55 to 65% of the subjects' heart rate reserve and with an emphasis on gradual overload. Subjects consumed 1000 mg of omega-3 daily.
Results: There was a significant increase (P <0.0001) in the mean expression of the NOS gene in the exercise + omega-3 group compared to the control group. The mean ratio of NOX gene expression changes in the exercise group, omega-3, and the combination of exercise + omega-3 was significantly reduced compared to the control group (P <0.0001).
Conclusion: According to the results of the present study, the ability of exercise and omega-3 supplementation to reduce the level of oxidant stress and increase homeostasis control in coronary artery insufficiency shows an important molecular mechanism that underlies the benefits of these interventions.
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Research Article: Original Paper | Subject: Sport Physiology
Received: 2020/09/21 | Accepted: 2020/11/16 | Published: 2024/01/21 | ePublished: 2024/01/21

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