Volume 15, Issue 5 (Sep-Oct 2021)                   mljgoums 2021, 15(5): 32-36 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ebrahimi M, Shenava Raouf S. Mites Are the Most Prevalent Allergen among Children with Severe Asthma in Gorgan, Iran. mljgoums. 2021; 15 (5) :32-36
URL: http://mlj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1331-en.html
1- Children's Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran , M1355ebrahimi@gmail.com
2- Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
Abstract:   (239 Views)
Background and Objectives: Asthma is one of the most common respiratory diseases. Inhaled particles that may trigger allergic reactions and air routes are important factors contributing to asthma. This study aimed to determine the abundance of allergens in children with asthma in Gorgan, Iran.
Methods: In this retrospective study, we randomly collected records of all asthmatic patients over five years of age referred to asthma and allergy clinic in Gorgan, Iran. Furthermore, data related to skin prick test were recorded.
Results: The severity of asthma differed significantly between males and females. There was a direct relationship between age and reaction to one allergen. In addition, 18 of 25 (72 %) patients with severe asthma were allergic to more than two allergens. Moreover, the most common allergen was mite (56%).
Conclusion: Mites are the most common allergen among children with asthma in the study area.
Keywords: Asthma [MeSH], Mites [MeSH], Allergen [MeSH],
Full-Text [PDF 501 kb]   (92 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (51 Views)  
Research Article: Original Paper | Subject: Others
Received: 2020/09/17 | Accepted: 2020/11/16 | Published: 2021/08/31 | ePublished: 2021/08/31

1. Farrokhi, S.Gheybi, MK.Movahed, A.Iranpour, D.Ostovar, A.4Vahdat, K.Khazaei H. Evaluation of the Frequency of Food and Aeroallergens in Patients with Eczema and Urticaria in Province of Bushehr: Based on Skin Prick Test Reactivity. ISMJ. 2014;17(4):629-37. [View at Publisher] [Google Scholar]
2. National Asthma Education and Prevention Program. Expert Panel Report 3 (EPR-3): Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma-Summary Report 2007. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007 ;120,94-138. [DOI:10.1016/j.jaci.2007.09.029] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
3. Athanazio R. Airway disease: similarities and differences between asthma, COPD and bronchiectasis. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2012 ;67(11):1335-43. [View at Publisher] [DOI:10.6061/clinics/2012(11)19] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
4. Mohammadzadeh I, Mohammadi M, Khodabakhsh E. The effect of nebulised salbutamol plus magnesium sulfate in comparison with nebulised salbutamol plus normal saline in acute asthmatic attack in children. J Babol Univ Med Sci. 2014;16(3):7-12. [View at Publisher] [Google Scholar]
5. Nurmatov U, van Schayck CP, Hurwitz B, Sheikh A. House dust mite avoidance measures for perennial allergic rhinitis: an updated Cochrane systematic review. Allergy. 2012 ;67(2):158-65. [View at Publisher] [DOI:10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02752.x] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
6. Hamed Fouladseresht, Saeid Safiri, Mohammad Moqaddasi, Mohammad Sadegh Razeghi N, Bazargan. Prevalence of food and airborne allergens in allergic patients in Kerman. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014; 18(4): 234-41. [Google Scholar]
7. Arnedo-Pena A, García-Marcos L, García Hernández G, Aguinagua Ontoso I, González Díaz C, Morales Suárez-Varela M, et al. Tendencia temporal y variaciones geográficas de la prevalencia de síntomas de rinitis alérgica en escolares de 6-7 años de ocho áreas españolas, según el ISAAC [Time trends and geographical variations in the prevalence of symptoms of allergic rhinitis in 6-7-year-old children from eight areas of Spain according to the ISAAC]. An Pediatr (Barc). 2005 ;62(3):229-36. [View at Publisher] [DOI:10.1157/13071837] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
8. Ahanchian H, Jafari S, Jabbari F, Kianifar H, Karimi N, Khakshur A, et al. Evaluation of common allergens in children with atopic dermatitis by skin prick test. J North Khorasan Univ Med Sci. 2013; 5(3): 551-5. [View at Publisher] [DOI:10.29252/jnkums.5.3.551] [Google Scholar]
9. Westwood M, Ramaekers B, Lang S, Armstrong N, Noake C, de Kock S, et al. ImmunoCAP® ISAC and Microtest for multiplex allergen testing in people with difficult to manage allergic disease: a systematic review and cost analysis. Health Technol Assess. 2016 ;20(67):1-178. [DOI:10.3310/hta20670] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
10. Yalcin AD, Basaran S, Bisgin A, Polat HH, Gorczynski RM. Pollen aero allergens and the climate in Mediterranean region and allergen sensitivity in allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and allergic asthma patients. Med Sci Monit. 2013 11;19:102-10. [DOI:10.12659/MSM.883762] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
11. Zare Marzouni H , Akrami R, Shalilian M, Kalani N, Noori Ahmad Abadi M. Wesam Kooti Investigating the Prevalence, Determining the Effects of Immunologic Sensitization and Clinical Symptoms Related to Allergens Existing in Khuzestan Province. J Fasa Univ Med Sci. 2016;6(1):96-105. [View at Publisher] [Google Scholar]
12. Lane MJ, Pucheu-Haston CM, Kearney MT, Woodward M. Determination of irritant threshold concentrations of multiple tree, grass, weed and mould allergens for intradermal testing of horses residing in the southern USA. Vet Dermatol. 2017 ;28(6):604-e147. [View at Publisher] [DOI:10.1111/vde.12472] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
13. Park HJ, Lim HS, Park KH, Lee JH, Park JW, Hong CS. Changes in allergen sensitization over the last 30 years in Korea respiratory allergic patients: a single-center. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2014 ;6(5):434-43. [DOI:10.4168/aair.2014.6.5.434] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
14. Wagner N, Rudert M. Sensitivity and specificity of standardised allergen extracts in skin prick test for diagnoses of IgE-mediated respiratory allergies. Clin Transl Allergy. 2019 18;9:8. [View at Publisher] [DOI:10.1186/s13601-019-0248-9] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
15. Smit HA, Coenraads PJ. Epidemiology of contact dermatitis. Monogr Allergy. 1993;31:29-48. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0536.1993.tb04544.x] [Google Scholar]
16. Bidad K, Nicknam MH, Farid R. A review of allergy and allergen specific immunotherapy. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2011 ;10(1):1-9. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
17. NNwaru BI, Hickstein L, Panesar SS, Muraro A, Werfel T, Cardona V, et al. The epidemiology of food allergy in Europe: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Allergy. 2014 ;69(1):62-75. [View at Publisher] [DOI:10.1111/all.12305] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
18. Nahhas M, Bhopal R, Anandan C, Elton R, Sheikh A. Prevalence of allergic disorders among primary school-aged children in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: two-stage cross-sectional survey. PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e36848. [View at Publisher] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0036848] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
19. Farrokhi S, Gheybi MK, Movahed A, Tahmasebi R, Iranpour D, Fatemi A, Etemadan R, Gooya M, Zandi S, Ashourinejad H, Alavizadeh S, Khoddami S. Common aeroallergens in patients with asthma and allergic rhinitis living in southwestern part of Iran: based on skin prick test reactivity. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2015 ;14(2):133-8. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
20. Adeloye D, Chan KY, Rudan I, Campbell H. An estimate of asthma prevalence in Africa: a systematic analysis. Croat Med J. 2013 ;54(6):519-31. [View at Publisher] [DOI:10.3325/cmj.2013.54.519] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
21. Ostovar A, Fokkens WJ, Pordel S, Movahed A, Ghasemi K, Marzban M, Farrokhi S, et al. The prevalence of asthma in adult population of southwestern Iran and its association with chronic rhinosinusitis: a GA2LEN study. Clin Transl Allergy. 2019 30;9:43. [View at Publisher] [DOI:10.1186/s13601-019-0283-6] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
22. Khazaei HA, Hashemi SR, Aghamohammadi A, Farhoudi F, Rezaei N. The study of type 1 allergy prevalence among people of South-East of iran by skin prick test using common allergens. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2003 ;2(3):165-8. [View at Publisher] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
23. Emin Ö, Nermin G, Ülker Ö, Gökçay G. Skin sensitization to common allergens in Turkish wheezy children less than 3 years of age. Asian Pacific J Allergy Immunol. 2004; 22(2-3): 97-101. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
24. Ghaffari J, Rafatpanah H, Khalilian AR, Nazari Z, Ghaffari R. Skin Prick Test In Asthmatic, Allergic Rhinitis And Urticaria Patients. Med J Mashhad Univ Med Sci. 2011; 54(1): 44-9. [View at Publisher] [Google Scholar]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2007 All Rights Reserved | Medical Laboratory Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.