Volume 14, Issue 3 (May-Jun 2020)                   mljgoums 2020, 14(3): 26-32 | Back to browse issues page

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abedzadeh hajar A, dakhili M, saghazadeh M, aghaei S S, Nazari R. Synergistic Antifungal Effect of Fluconazole Combined with ZnO Nanoparticles against Candida albicans Strains from Vaginal Candidiasis. mljgoums. 2020; 14 (3) :26-32
URL: http://mlj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-1221-en.html
1- Department of Microbiology, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran., Iran
2- Department of Lab Science, Faculty of Medicine, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran., Iran , dr_dakhili@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1057 Views)
Background and Objective: The prevalence of the infections caused by Candida species has led to a significant increase in their resistance to antifungal compounds. The aim of this study was to i) investigate drug resistance ii) evaluate the incidence of Candida albicans drug resistance pattern in the vaginal samples of women referring to health centers of Qom province, and iii) examine the effect of Zn nanoparticles combined with fluconazole against C. albicans isolates.
           Methods: This experimental, descriptive study was performed on 120 patients of candidiasis. In order to identify Candida albicans, direct experiments, differential culture, Germ tube test and sugar assimilation test (API20C kit) were conducted. The effect of different antifungal drugs and zinc nanoparticles and the synergistic effect of fluconazole with zinc nanoparticles were investigated by disk diffusion method. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MICs) of all cases was further specified.
           Results: Of the 120 samples, 50 (41.6%) were identified as Candida albicans. These strains were resistant to certain antifungal drugs while others were semi-sensitive and sensitive. The lowest and the highest mean diameter of inhibition zone in all Candida albicans isolates belonged to ketoconazole (15.64 mm) and fluconazole nano-ZnO (26.76mm), respectively. The lowest and the highest MICs were observed in fluconazole- nano-ZnO and nano-ZnO, respectively.
           Conclusion: The synergistic effect of Zn nanoparticles with fluconazole can be conducive to the treatment of vaginal candidiasis.
Full-Text [PDF 654 kb]   (139 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Paper | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2019/05/27 | Accepted: 2019/07/31 | Published: 2020/04/30 | ePublished: 2020/04/30

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